The tools apply an Exposure–Sensitivity–Adaptive-capacity framework to assess risks. The framework incorporates elements of the risk analysis framework adopted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the framework for vulnerability assessment used by the United States Agency for International Development’s (USAID’s), with some modifications. A list of key terms is available for reference.
The national/policy level tool is designed to walk users through a series of steps to understand the level of risk posed by climate and other natural hazards at an early stage of planning and design of national or sector-wide strategies, development policy, institutional strengthening and/or reforms. The tool does this by making data on climate change (historic, projected) available in an accessible manner. The tool helps the user connect this information to the broader development context at the sector level. The tool includes an Institutional Readiness Scorecard (IRS), which provides a rapid assessment framework to score current client institutional and adaptive capacity at the national/sector level.
There are four distinct, but interrelated, stages that users follow.
- First, the user identifies priority sectors required to achieve country goals, which the user will rate for risk in the rest of the tool.
- Second, the user gathers information on climate and other hazards in the country and rates the potential impact of the hazards on each priority sector.
- Third, the user rates the institutional readiness, which is a measure of the country’s ability to respond successfully to the hazards.
- Fourth, the user determines overall risk by jointly considering the potential impacts and institutional readiness, along with the larger economic and social context that could influence the level of risk.
For detailed information, click here to download the full methodology document for the national/policy level tool.
The project tools are designed to walk users through a series of steps to understand the level of risk posed by climate and other natural hazards at an early stage of project design. The tools do this by making data on climate change (historic, projected) available. The tools help users connect this information to project components and allow users to account for non-physical components such as institutional capacity and the larger development context. Through this process they help users arrive at the risk to the outcome/service level intended from the project.There are four distinct, but interrelated, stages that users follow.
- First, the user evaluates the extent to which their project/location will be exposed to each hazard.
- Second, the user combines this information with their understanding of the project’s physical components to assess potential impact from each hazard.
- Third, the user examines how relevant non-physical factors, such as institutional capacity and the larger economic and social context, influence the level of risk posed to the project.
- Fourth, based on these considerations, the user rates the overall risk to the project outcome. A PDF of the overall project risk profile is produced.
For detailed information, click here to download the full methodology document of an illustrative example of the approach of a project-level tool, the Roads tool.