The four stages of screening just outlined guide the user of this tool through a series of steps concluding with a rating of overall risk to project outcomes.
Bear in mind that the aim is to screen for high-level risks from climate and geophysical hazards. This is a due- diligence tool intended to help project teams determine the appropriate level of effort for further studies, consultation, and dialogue in the course of project design. The results of this screening are not sufficient to serve as the basis for decisions regarding details of project design.
Click on any of the link below for a brief description of what will take place in that step.
- Project Information
- Hazards and Location
- Physical Components
- Non-Physical Components
- Development Context
- Outcome / Service Delivery
- Results Summary
The screening sequence begins with the keying of basic project information into the screening tool, including project title, country and region, sector codes, thematic codes, and financial information.
Hazards and Location
In this step, users assess climate and geophysical hazards in their project location. Specific hazards to be addressed include:
- Extreme Temperature
- Extreme Precipitation
- Sea Level Rise
- Storm Surge
- Strong Winds
- Volcanic Eruptions
In this step, users evaluate the potential impact of climate and geophysical hazards on their project’s physical components. This assessment will be based on the project’s exposure to the hazards (as described in the Hazards & Location step) and its sensitivity to those hazards. For example:
- Heavy downpours and flooding can damage road beds and lead to standing water, disrupting traffic.
- High temperatures can cause cracking and buckling of pavement.
Non-physical Components are project investments that do not involve physical works. Common non-physical components include long-term transportation planning and institutional strengthening. In this step, users assess how the non-physical components manage or reduce the potential impacts of climate and geophysical hazards. For example:
- Emergency planning and protocols can help limit damage from extreme weather events.
- Budgeting for increased maintenance costs as a result of climate impacts can help ensure that sufficient funds are available to finance repairs.
The development context is the social, economic, environmental, and political context in which the project is being implemented. In this step, users rate how the broader development context modulates the potential impact of climate and geophysical hazards on the project. For example:
- Availability of alternative means of access (e.g. secondary roads or other modes of transport) reduces impacts by providing access to critical supplies and services if a project is disrupted by climate or geophysical hazards.
- Having the capacity and systems in place to recognize and respond to service disruptions due to climate and geophysical hazards can lessen the severity and duration of disruptions.
Outcome / Service Delivery
Based on the previous impact and adaptation ratings for the project, users rate the level of risk to the project’s outcomes / service delivery. This overall rating is based on the potential impact on the physical components and adjusted for the influence of the non-physical components and development context. For example, if a road is subject to frequent physical damage from flooding and heavy rainfall, and the roads authority is unable to conduct maintenance or repairs, the road may not be able to provide safe and reliable access to the targeted areas.
In the Results Summary, the outputs of the screening process are compiled and presented in summary matrices by component and by time frame (Historical/Current and Future). The results are intended to help the user determine the appropriate level of effort for further studies, consultation, and dialogue in the course of project design.