Introduction

This Methodology subpage explains the scientific and logical basis underlying the design of the “General” Climate and Disaster Risk Screening Tool and describes the type and sources of data used within the tool.
This General tool is designed to help World Bank staff and other development practitioners screen risks from climate variability and change, as well as geophysical disasters, for projects that are not covered in the other project-level screening tools (The latter include separate tools for Agriculture, Roads, Coastal Flood Protection, Water, Health, and Energy.)
The General tool covers a range of sectors and subsectors through a menu-driven approach. The sectors and subsectors addressed are as follows: Non-Road Transportation (Multi-Modal and Transit Systems, Rail, Aviation, Marine Transportation, and River Transportation); Information and Communication Technology (ICT); Mining and Metals; Solid Waste; Industry; Natural Resources (Forestry, Fisheries, and Biodiversity); Urban Development; Education: Finance: Social Development, Community Development and Other.
Climate change and geophysical hazards can affect the infrastructure, natural resources, or human health within these sectors, thereby impacting the critical services that they provide.
Purpose: The purpose of this tool is to conduct an early-stage screening as part of due diligence so that climate and disaster risks are identified and considered during the concept stage of operations. The tool is intended to help users determine the appropriate level of effort for further studies, consultation, or dialogue in the course of project design. It does not provide a detailed risk analysis, nor does it suggest specific options for increasing the project’s resilience.
Relevance: This tool guides project teams through a series of screening steps. When completed, these steps connect information on relevant climate and geophysical hazard risks with the team’s understanding of both their project’s sensitivity and the broader development context of the project location. The risks of concern are highly dependent on project context and location. Rather than relying on automated processes, the tool enables users to apply their subject-matter expertise and background understanding in assessing climate and disaster risks at the local level.