Why Screen?

Building resilience to climate and geophysical hazards is a vital step in the fight against poverty. Screening early for risks from these hazards improves the likelihood and longevity of a project’s success. More specifically, screening for risks by using this tool will allow project teams.

To assess whether climate and disaster risks can have an impact on the health sector.

Local and regional climates are changing. These changes affect temperature, precipitation, storm surge and wind patterns and may lead to
  • Changes in both average and extreme temperatures, which would have direct effects on the human body.
  • Changes in temperature and precipitation that could shift the incidence and geographic range of vector-borne diseases and
  • Changes in the frequency and intensity of tropical cyclones that threaten the delivery of healthcare.
There are also natural hazards unrelated to climate-including earthquakes, tsunamis and landslides-that are worthwhile to screen for. This tool screens for risk from both climate hazards and these geophysical hazards.

To assess how these risks could affect development.

The impacts of climate-related and natural disasters make development more challenging. Many of the world's poorest may have to face additional hurdles. Low-income, young and elderly populations are particularly sensitive to the impacts on health of climate change.

To assess how the development context could modulate risks.

In addition, the development context can influence the level of impacts caused by climate change hazards and other natural disasters. Social, political and economic factors-such as access to finance and social safety nets-are important to consider in evaluating the relationship between development plans and risks.

To design more climate- and disaster-resilient projects.

Impacts from climate change and disasters can undermine the benefits of development. Addressing these risks during project design can therefore help protect project investments. For example:
  • Community health workers can be trained to recognize and treat heat stress.
  • Engineers can design clinics to tolerate higher storm surges.
  • Health surveillance systems can monitor the incidence of new diseases brought on by changes in temperature and precipitation.