The four stages in screening consist of eight carefully sequenced steps. Click on any of the links below for a brief description of what will take place in that step.
- Project Information
- Hazards and Location
- Non-physical Components
- Development Context
- Outcome / Service Delivery
- Results Summary
The screening sequence begins with the keying of basic project information into the screening tool, including project title, country and region, sector codes, thematic codes, and financial information.
Users then identify the subsectors in which their project is engaged, choosing from the following list. They are encouraged to select the top two or three most relevant subsectors for the project but may select up to five.
- Land Use / Watershed Management
- Dams & Reservoirs
- Water Supply
- Riverine Flood Protection
Hazards and Location
In this step, users assess exposure to climate and geophysical hazards in their project location. Users select the relevant hazards from the following list:
- Extreme Temperature
- Extreme Precipitation & Flooding
- Sea Level Rise
- Storm Surge
- Strong Winds
- Volcanic Eruptions
In this step, users evaluate the potential impact of climate and geophysical hazards on the project’s previously selected subsectors. This assessment will be based on both the project’s exposure to the hazards (as described in the Hazards & Location step) and its sensitivity to those hazards.
- For Dams & Reservoirs and Water Supply, users evaluate potential impact in three steps: (1) Climate impacts on water resources; (2) direct damage to built infrastructure, and (3) climate impacts on water demand.
- For each of the other subsectors, potential impact is rated using a two-step process. The specific steps vary depending on the subsector.
In this step, screeners rate how well their project’s non-physical components can manage or reduce the risk of hazards. Non-physical components are project investments that do not include physical construction or work with the physical environment. For example:
- As part of integrated water resource management planning, consideration of how climate will impact the quantity and quality of water available will enable more effective use of resources and prepare users for climate impacts.
- Water pricing policies that incorporate the rising cost of water supply due to climate change help ensure that adequate funds will be available for maintenance and improvements while ensuring more efficient use of water.
Influence of Development Context
In this step, project teams rate how significantly the broader development context influences and modulates the risk of hazards, either positively or negatively. The development context includes the social, economic, environmental, and political forces that surround the project. For example:
- Alternative or back-up water supplies can reduce the need for rural villagers to walk long distances for water due to water shortages.
- Policies to facilitate water use can reduce the potential for conflict between competing water users due to increased scarcity of water resources.
- Strong legal enforcement of water pricing policies can support the monitoring of water use and associated fees, thereby increasing revenues for maintenance and upgrades.
- Emergency preparedness programs can provide advance notice during times of increased sanitation concerns to reduce negative impacts on health.
Overall Risk to Project Outcomes
Based on the previous evaluations and ratings, screeners rate the overall level of risk to their project’s outcomes / service delivery. The screening tool guides users in reviewing the various risks hazard by hazard, helping them to identify which hazards pose the greatest risk to the project.
For example, if a water supply plant is unable to enhance water treatment to address degraded water quality due to climate impacts, and larger policy reforms and enforcement continue to be weak, providing services to targeted beneficiaries may not be possible.
In the Results Summary, the outputs of the screening process are automatically compiled by the tool and presented in summary matrices by project component and by time frame (Historical/Current and Future). The results are intended to help project screeners determine the appropriate level of effort for further studies, consultation, and dialogue as they complete their project design.