Screening Steps

This screening tool guides the project team through a series of seven steps to screen projects for high-level risks from climate and geophysical hazards.

Click on any of the links below for a brief description of what will take place in that step.

Project Information

In this step, project teams input basic information about their projects. They also select the sub-sectors in which their projects are engaged from the following list. Each user is encouraged to select the top two or three sub-sectors for the project, but may select up to five.
  • Irrigation and Drainage
  • Crops and Land Management
  • Livestock
  • Rural Transport
  • Storage and Processing

Exposure to Hazards

In this step, users assesses exposure to climate and geophysical hazards in their project locations. They select relevant hazards from the following list:
  • Extreme Temperature
  • Extreme Precipitation and Flooding
  • Drought
  • Sea Level Rise
  • Storm Surge
  • Strong Winds
  • Earthquakes
  • Tsunamis
  • Landslides
  • Volcanoes

Impact on Sub-sectors

In this step, project teams evaluate the potential impact of climate and geophysical hazards on the previously selected sub-sectors of the project. This assessment will be based on the project’s exposure to the hazards (as described in the Hazards and Location step) and its sensitivity to those hazards.
  • For Irrigation and Drainage, users rate the potential impact on three different aspects of irrigation and drainage systems: water sources, physical infrastructure, and water demand. Then, they integrate these ratings into a single rating.
  • For Crops and Land Management, users rate the potential impact on soil and land management and the potential impact on seeds and crops. Then, they integrate these into a single rating.
  • For the Livestock, Rural Transport, and Storage and Processing sub-sectors, users provide a single rating of potential impact for each sub-sector.

Non-Physical Project Components

In this step, users rate how well their project’s non-physical components can manage or reduce the risk of hazards. Non-physical components are project investments that do not include physical construction or work with the physical environment. They include zoning regulations, emergency planning, technical training, and long-term monitoring and research. For example:
  • Raising awareness of climate change and its impacts on agriculture can encourage adaptation measures that prevent or anticipate impacts.
  • A research program on integrated natural resources management that includes soil and water management practices can promote best practices for coping with a changing climate.
  • Improved weather monitoring and forecasting systems can help farmers manage increasing climate variability.
  • Certain policies can make it easier for famers to access lines of credit, extension services, and markets; each of these benefits, in turn, can help farmers recover from natural disasters such as storm surges and landslides.

Influence of Development Context

In this step, project teams rate how significantly the broader development context influences and modulates the risk of hazards, either positively or negatively. The development context includes the social, economic, environmental, and political forces that surround the project. For example:
  • Access to off-farm income such as “food for work” and “cash for work” programs play a crucial role in improving farmers’ resiliency and adaptive capacity.
  • Having backup systems in place for transporting, storing, and processing crops enhances the resilience of a commodity value chain and increases capacity to cope with climatic and geophysical hazards.

Overall Risk to Project Outcomes / Service Delivery

Based on the previous ratings for the project, users rate the level of risk to the project’s outcomes / service delivery. This overall rating is based on the potential impact on the sub-sectors and adjusted for the influence of the non-physical components and development context.
For example, if an irrigation system is unable to provide water due to drought and changes in precipitation patterns, it may threaten the project’s ability to enhance agricultural productivity and rural livelihoods.

Results Summary

In the Results Summary, the outputs of the screening process are automatically compiled by the tool and presented in summary matrices by project component and by time frame (Historical/Current and Future). The results are intended to help project screeners determine the appropriate level of effort for further studies, consultation, and dialogue as they complete their project design.