Climate change and disasters pose a growing threat to development progress.
Over time, changes in temperature, precipitation patterns, and sea level will further threaten development. For example, higher sea levels can flood coastal infrastructure, more frequent heat waves can threaten human health, and changing rain patterns can reduce agricultural yields. Other hazards such as landslides, tsunamis, and extreme storms endanger communities, disrupt services, and damage property, setting back development progress.
Recognizing this challenge, the World Bank is taking action. As of July 2014, all country planning strategies and investments funded by the International Development Association (IDA) -the World Bank's fund for the poorest- must consider climate and disaster risks and address them as appropriate.
The Climate and Disaster Risk Screening Tools available on this website, can be used by development practitioners at an early stage of national level planning processes or project design. The tools provide a structured and systematic way to undertake due diligence and flag potential risks. Both the national/policy level tool and the project level tools provide a user-friendly step-by-step approach to understand potential risks to programs and investments.
The tools link to climate projections, country adaptation profiles, and disaster risk data sources from the World Bank’s Climate Change Knowledge Portal. The data, combined with the user's understanding of the subject matter and country context, generates a characterization of risks to help inform dialogue, consultation, and planning processes at the project and program level.
Climate and disaster risk screening is a first step towards a detailed risk assessment to inform how projects and programs can be risk-proofed. Considering climate change and disasters in today’s plans and projects, can increase the long-term success of development efforts, while realizing other co-benefits today.