For information on climate data:
- The World Bank’s Climate Change Knowledge Portal (CCKP) provides historical and future climate and climate-related datasets.
- The CCKP’s Country Adaptation and Risk Profiles synthesize and distill datasets for the purposes of the screening tool.
- The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Working Group I’s contribution to the IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report presents the latest (as of summer 2014) in observed climate changes and future climate projections.
For more information on climate change impacts on transportation systems:
- Turn Down the Heat: Why a 4°C Warmer World Must be Avoided is a World Bank report focused on the impacts of climate change on developing countries.
- Turn Down the Heat: Climate Extremes, Regional Impacts and the Case for Resilience builds on the previous report and focuses on impacts in Sub-Saharan Africa, South East Asia and South Asia.
- Turn Down the Heat : Confronting the New Climate Normal is a World Bank Report that builds on previous reports and focuses on impacts to development in Latin America and the Caribbean, the Middle East and North Africa, and parts of Europe and Central Asia.
- Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation by the U.S. Transportation Research Board, identifies climate vulnerabilities to the transportation system.
- "Impacts of Climate Change and Variability on Transportation Systems and Infrastructure: Gulf Coast Study, Phase I". This study explores how climate will affect transportation, and Table 1.1 identifies a comprehensive list of climate impacts on transportation identified through a literature review.
- "Addressing Climate Change Impacts on Infrastructure: Transportation" is a factsheet released by USAID that summarizes climate stressors on transportation systems.
- The Inter-American Development Bank’s fact sheet provides a brief overview of the climate risk management options available for the transportation sector.
- The Asian Development Bank’s sector briefing provides an overview of the climate risks and impacts for the transportation sector, as well as potential resilience measures to address these impacts.
For more information on case studies that identify climate change impacts and vulnerabilities to a country’s transportation system:
- The World Bank series Making Transport Climate Resilient, includes three case studies-- Country Report: Ghana, Country Report: Ethiopia, and Country Report: Mozambique that identify country-specific climate impacts on roads, identify adaptation measures, conduct economic assessments, and develop short- and long-term strategies.
- Asian Development Bank’s Climate Proofing: A Risk-based Approach to Adaptation features a case study, “Climate Proofing a Road-building Infrastructure Project in Kosrae, Federated State of Micronesia.” The analysis develops a climate-proofed design adjusted for rainfall projections and estimates the design’s marginal cost and net benefit.
- The UK Highways Agency Climate Change Risk Assessment identifies climate risk by scoring and ranking the vulnerability of the agency’s assets.
- Design Standards for U.S. Transportation Infrastructure: The Implications of Climate Change examines how climate can impact transportation design and identifies strategies to reduce risk through means other than altering design standards.
For more information on evaluating climate change vulnerability to transportation systems:
- The U.S. Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) Climate Change & Extreme Weather Vulnerability Assessment Framework is a guide for conducting vulnerability assessments of transportation assets and systems. It uses in-practice examples to demonstrate a variety of ways to gather and process information.
- The Use of Climate Information in Vulnerability Assessments by the U.S. FHWA provides recommendations on how transportation planners can use historical and projected climate information as they consider climate-related risks.
- Assessing Criticality in Transportation Adaptation Planning, by the U.S. FHWA, identifies a conceptual framework for narrowing the universe of transportation assets to study in a climate-change vulnerability and risk assessment.
- Assessing the Sensitivity of Transportation Assets to Climate Change in Mobile, Alabama introduces the Sensitivity Screen, for planners to identify assets that are sensitive to a particular climate impact, and the Sensitivity Matrix, which enables planners to identify a deeper level of detail, including information on the threshold at which assets become sensitive and features of the asset which may be associated with increased sensitivity.
- The World Bank’s Highway Development and Management Model (HDM-4) Dissemination Tools can help to predict road network performance as a function of climate, among other input factors.