Tool Basics: Who, When and How

Who Should Use This Tool?

Development practitioners and Task Team Leaders designing projects that involve health care measures.
Note that this tool does not address projects in which improved health is a co-benefit, such as sanitation projects and projects to reduce short-lived climate pollutants. Water and sanitation projects can be screened using the Water sector tool can be screened here. Agriculture projects can be screened using the Agriculture sector tool can be screened here. Energy projects can be screened using the Energy sector tool can be screened here.

What Does the Tool Do?

This tool serves as a self-paced guide for practicing due diligence during project design.
Specifically, it guides users through a high-level screening of projects for risks from climate and geophysical hazards. Using this tool will help ensure project teams that they have considered what effects climate change and natural disasters could have on a project.
The greatest value of the tool is that it provides a structured and systematic process for understanding climate and disaster risks. The actual risk ratings themselves, while instructive, should inform further consultations and dialogue, and help determine the appropriate level of effort for further studies during project design. The tool does not provide a detailed risk analysis, nor does it suggest specific options for making a project more resilient.

When Should This Tool Be Used?

When: At an early “concept” stage of project development.
Note that a good understanding of the project location and components is required. The tool can be revisited if a project is modified or additional information is acquired.
This tool is a form of due diligence. It does not review needs or recommend solutions in sufficient detail for input into project design.

What if climate change and disasters have already been considered in project design?

If a project team has already designed measures to reduce risks from climate and disasters, use of this tool is still recommended. It helps ensure that a broad range of hazards are considered, including some that might not have been identified earlier. The project team should then be sure the risk ratings they apply in the tool reflect the measures they have already designed.
For example, if a project team is already planning to enhance service delivery in anticipation of greater prevalence of heat stress from higher temperature, when using this tool the team should rate the potential impact as lower than if the team did not have plans to do so. Whenever a potential impact rating is revised downwards for this reason, the teams using the tool could include explanatory notes to clarify this and validate ratings with others reviewing the screening.