For more information on climate change impacts on transportation systems:
- The Potential Impacts of Climate Change on U.S. Transportation by the U.S. Transportation Research Board identifies climate vulnerabilities to the transportation system.
- Impacts of Climate Change and Variability on Transportation Systems and Infrastructure: Gulf Coast Study, Phase I. This study explores how climate will affect transportation, and Table 1.1 identifies a comprehensive list of climate impacts on transportation identified through a literature review.
- USAID Addressing Climate Change Impacts on Infrastructure: Transportation is a factsheet which summarizes climate stressors on transportation systems.
For more information on case studies that identify climate change impacts and vulnerabilities to a country’s transportation system:
- Making Transport Climate Resilient, Country Report: Ghana, Country Report: Ethiopia, and Country Report: Mozambique are three case studies by the World Bank which identify country-specific climate impacts to roads, identify adaptation measures, conduct economic assessments, and develop short and long term strategies.
- Asian Development Bank’s Climate Proofing: A Risk-based Approach to Adaptation features a case study, Climate Proofing a Road-building Infrastructure Project in Kosrae, Federated State of Micronesia. The analysis develops a climate-proofed design adjusted for rainfall projections and estimates the design’s marginal cost and net benefit.
- The UK Highways Agency Climate Change Risk Assessment identifies climate risk by scoring and ranking the vulnerability of the agency’s assets.
- Design Standards for U.S. Transportation Infrastructure: The Implications of Climate Change examines how climate can impact transportation design and identifies strategies to reduce risk through means other than altering design standards
For more information on evaluating climate change vulnerability to transportation systems:
- The U.S. Federal Highway Administration’s (FHWA) Climate Change & Extreme Weather Vulnerability Assessment Framework is a guide for conducting vulnerability assessments of transportation assets and systems, and uses in-practice examples to demonstrate a variety of ways to gather and process information.
- The Use of Climate Information in Vulnerability Assessments by the U.S. FHWA provides recommendations on how to use historical and projected climate information as transportation planners consider their climate-related risks.
- Assessing Criticality in Transportation Adaptation Planning by the U.S. FHWA identifies a conceptual framework for narrowing the universe of transportation assets to study in a climate change vulnerability and risk assessment.
- Assessing the Sensitivity of Transportation Assets to Climate Change in Mobile, Alabama introduces the Sensitivity Screen, for planners to identify assets that are sensitive to a particular climate impact, and the Sensitivity Matrix, which enables planners to identify a deeper level of detail including information on the threshold at which assets become sensitive and features of the asset which may be associated with increased sensitivity.
- The Highway Development and Management Model (HDM-4) Dissemination Tools by the World Bank can help to predicts road network performance as a function of climate, among other input factors.