Tool Basics: Who, When and What

Who should use this tool?

Development practitioners and Task Team Leaders designing water-focused projects, including a range of physical and non-physical investments. The tool covers the following subsectors:
  • Land Use / Watershed Management
  • Dams & Reservoirs
  • Water Supply
  • Wastewater
  • Sanitation
  • Riverine Flood Protection
Non-physical components, such as water resource management planning, are also addressed.
For solid waste management projects, use the General Tool.

What does the tool do?

This is a self-paced tool that supports due diligence and provides a high-level screening of projects for risks from climate and geophysical hazards. It helps ensure that the effects of climate and natural disasters on the success of the project have been considered during the course of project design.
The greatest value of the tool is that it provides a structured and systematic process for understanding climate and disaster risks. The actual risk ratings themselves, while instructive, should inform further consultations and dialogue, and help determine the appropriate level of effort for further studies during project design. The tool does not provide a detailed risk analysis, nor does it suggest specific options for increasing the project's resilience. The results of this screening are not sufficient to serve as the basis for decisions regarding details of project design. Rather, the results are intended to help project teams determine the appropriate level of effort for further studies, consultation and/or dialogue in the course of project design.

When should this tool be used?

This tool should be used at an early “concept” stage of project development.
Note that a good understanding of the project location and components is required. The tool can be revisited if a project is modified or additional information is acquired.
This tool is a form of due diligence. It does not review needs or recommend solutions in sufficient detail for input into project design.

What if climate and disasters have already been considered in design?

If your project team has already designed measures to reduce risks from climate and disasters, use of this tool is still recommended. It helps ensure that a broad range of hazards are considered, including some that might not have been identified earlier.
For example, if a project team is already planning to base the design of a levee on future climate projections of precipitation and river flows, when using this tool its rating of potential impact should be lower than if it had no such plans. If users of the tool choose to revise a potential impact rating downwards because climate hazards and other disaster risks have already been incorporated into their project design, they should include an explanatory note to clarify this for others reviewing the screening.
Note too that this tool helps project teams ensure that a broad range of hazards is considered, including hazards they might not have identified previously.