The tools apply an Exposure–Impact–Adaptive-capacity framework to assess risks. The framework incorporates elements of the risk analysis framework adopted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the framework for vulnerability assessment used by the United States Agency for International Development’s (USAID’s), with some modifications. For further background information see:
- A methodology document for the project level tool based on an illustrative example of the framework applied through the Roads tool.
- IPCC, Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2014) (http://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/wg2/)
- N. Brooks, “Vulnerability, Risk and Adaptation: A Conceptual Framework” Working Paper No. 38 (Tyndall Centre, 2003 (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/200032746_Vulnerability_Risk_and_Adaptation_A_Conceptual_Framework)